Modern medicine has evolved over the years and patients can avail of numerous treatment options, depending on the size and location of the tumour or tumours and whether the cancer being treated in the liver is from a primary or secondary source. Your doctor is best to advise on what treatment, if any, is suitable for you.
Options may include:
This family of techniques use heat, intense cold and other methods to destroy cancerous tissue directly. Focal techniques can be used on tumours doctors can see, but may miss micro-tumours that are often present in a diseased organ.
Anti-cancer drugs are administered to the entire body (either orally or intravenously). In addition to attacking cancerous cells, these drugs may damage some healthy cells, which may cause some unwanted side effects.
While chemotherapy or tumour-targeted therapy directly affect the growth and spread of tumour cells, immuno-oncological drugs harness the body’s natural anti-cancer immune response to attack and destroy the cancer. However, they can also affect normal tissue and cause autoimmune side effects.
In some cases, the treatment options listed above may shrink the tumor(s) enough so that surgery (partial hepatectomy or transplant) may become possible.